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Gems have long played a rich role in many cultures, religions, and
mythologies. Most are probably familiar with the "official" US birthstone list,
compiled by jewelers in 1912, but this is just the latest of ways that gems have
been associated with lists.
Centuries before jewelers were thinking
about gems commercially, astrologers were ascribing heavenly associations to
them, Hindus were connecting them to the energy centers of the body. The origin
of the birthstone--denoting a specific gem to each month of the year--dates back
to at least the first century. There is speculation that the twelve stones in
the breastplate of the Jewish high priest may have had some bearing on the
concept. Interpreters of the Bible's Book of Revelations, during the eighth and
ninth centuries, began to ascribe to each of those gems attributes of the 12
apostles. Over the years, there have been many variations to this list.
Use this information to help make jewelry and gift choices for all
occasions. Whichever system you choose to follow, knowing a little lore can add
a lot to the experience of buying or receiving a special gem.
||US Jewelers Birthstone List
June--Alexandrite, Pearl, Moonstone
December--Blue Zircon, Turquoise,
||Anniversary Gift List
12th--Jade or Agate
14th--Opal or Moss Agate
16th--Peridot or Topaz
35th--Emerald or Coral
45th--Sapphire or Alexandrite
55th--Alexandrite or Emerald
||Gems Associated With the Signs of the Zodia
||Sign--Color, Gem, Metal
Aries--Bright Red, Ruby, Iron
Taurus--Bright Green, Emerald,
Gemini--Orange, Opal, Mercury
Leo--Yellow, Precious Topaz, Gold
Libra--Blue-Green, Jade, Bronze
Scorpio--Dark Red, Red Garnet,
Sagittarius--Deep Blue, Blue Sapphire, Tin
Aquarius--Purple, Amethyst, Aluminum
Violet, Aquamarine Platinum
||Gems for the Days of the Week
||Sunday--Topaz or Diamond
Tuesday--Ruby or Emerald
Thursday--Sapphire or Carnelian
||Emblems of the Twelve Apostles
||Andrew --Blue Sapphire
Bartholomew --Red Carnelian
James --White Chalcedony
Simeon --Pink hyacinth
Thomas --Beryl (Emerald, Aquamarine)
||Mythical Powers of Various Gemstones
||For mental clarity: Amber, Fluorite, Lapis
Lazuli, Moonstone, Silver Topaz, Smoky Quartz.
For productivity: Agate,
Garnet, Opal, Rhodolite.
Building self esteem: Aventurine, Carnelian,
Diamond, Emerald, Garnet, Spinel.
For feelings of happiness: Agate, Amethyst
, Calcite, Diamond, Jade, Tsavorite.
For calmness and balance: Amethyst ,
Ametrine, Aquamarine, Citrine , Coral, Diamond, Jade, Malachite, Pink
Tourmaline, Tanzanite, Zircon.
For feelings of strength and confidence:
Agate, Amber, Aquamarine, Carnelian, Diamond, Garnet, Iolite, Malachite, Onyx,
Opal, Ruby, Sapphire, Topaz (blue).
For wisdom: Coral, Jade, Pearl,
For luck: Alexandrite, Amber, Aventurine, Opal, Pearl, Turquoise.
For love and friendship: Alexandrite, Amber, Amethyst , Emerald, Moonstone,
Pink Tourmaline, Sapphire, Topaz.
For wealth: Aventurine, Calcite, Emerald,
Jade, Opal, Pearl, Peridot, Ruby, Sapphire, Topaz, Tourmaline.
||Gemstones Associated with Planets
Venus --Emerald, Jade
Neptune --Opal, Amethyst
Pluto --Kunzite, Spinel
Mars --Ruby, Garnet, Bloodstone
Jupiter --Amethyst , Sapphire
Sun --Topaz, Ruby
Saturn --Sapphire, Onyx, Obsidian
||Hindu Chakras (bodily energy centers)
Root Chakra -- located at the base of the spine, its colors are brown and
GEMSTONE RULERS: Moonstone and Smoky Quartz.
Sacral Chakra --
located 2 inches below the navel, its colors are black and red.
RULERS: dark red Garnet, Ruby & Onyx.
Solar Plexus Chakra -- located
in upper abdomen, its colors are red-orange and gold.
Golden Citrine and red-orange Garnet.
Heart Chakra -- located under the
sternum, its colors are green or, alternatively, pink to reddish pink.
GEMSTONE RULERS: Green Agate and Pink Tourmaline.
Throat Chakra --
located inside larynx, its colors are bright green.
GEMSTONE RULERS: Peridot
Brow Chakra -- aka Third Eye, its colors are royal blue to
GEMSTONE RULERS: Iolite, Blue Topaz, Sapphire & Amethyst.
Crown Chakra -- located at the top of the head, its colors are clear
pastels such as sea-foam green, aquamarine, and ultimately, the translucence of
GEMSTONE RULERS: Green Beryl, Aquamarine, Silver Topaz, and