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HomeDiamond BasicsBirthstones

Gems have long played a rich role in many cultures, religions, and mythologies. Most are probably familiar with the "official" US birthstone list, compiled by jewelers in 1912, but this is just the latest of ways that gems have been associated with lists.

Centuries before jewelers were thinking about gems commercially, astrologers were ascribing heavenly associations to them, Hindus were connecting them to the energy centers of the body. The origin of the birthstone--denoting a specific gem to each month of the year--dates back to at least the first century. There is speculation that the twelve stones in the breastplate of the Jewish high priest may have had some bearing on the concept. Interpreters of the Bible's Book of Revelations, during the eighth and ninth centuries, began to ascribe to each of those gems attributes of the 12 apostles. Over the years, there have been many variations to this list.

Use this information to help make jewelry and gift choices for all occasions. Whichever system you choose to follow, knowing a little lore can add a lot to the experience of buying or receiving a special gem.

US Jewelers Birthstone List
January--Garnet, Rhodolite
March--Aquamarine, Bloodstone
June--Alexandrite, Pearl, Moonstone
July--Ruby, Carnelian
October--Opal, Tourmaline
November--Topaz, Citrine
December--Blue Zircon, Turquoise, Lapis Lazuli
Anniversary Gift List
1st--Gold Jewelry
2nd--Garnet (all colors)
4th--Blue Topaz
5th--Sapphire (all colors)
8th--Tourmaline (all colors)
9th--Lapis Lazuli
10th--Diamond Jewelry
12th--Jade or Agate
13th--Citrine or Moonstone
14th--Opal or Moss Agate
16th--Peridot or Topaz (all colors)
22nd--Spinel (all colors)
25th--Silver Jubilee
26th--Star Sapphire
30th--Pearl Jubilee
35th--Emerald or Coral
39th--Cat's Eye
45th--Sapphire or Alexandrite
50th--Golden Jubilee
52nd--Star Ruby
55th--Alexandrite or Emerald
60th--Diamond Jubilee
65th--Star Sapphire
Gems Associated With the Signs of the Zodia
Sign--Color, Gem, Metal
Aries--Bright Red, Ruby, Iron
Taurus--Bright Green, Emerald, Copper
Gemini--Orange, Opal, Mercury
Cancer--Silver, Moonstone, Silver
Leo--Yellow, Precious Topaz, Gold
Virgo--Beige, Agate, Nickel
Libra--Blue-Green, Jade, Bronze
Scorpio--Dark Red, Red Garnet, Steel
Sagittarius--Deep Blue, Blue Sapphire, Tin
Capricorn--Gray, Black Diamond, Lead
Aquarius--Purple, Amethyst, Aluminum
Pisces--Iridescent Violet, Aquamarine Platinum
Gems for the Days of the Week
Sunday--Topaz or Diamond
Tuesday--Ruby or Emerald
Thursday--Sapphire or Carnelian
Saturday --Turquoise
Emblems of the Twelve Apostles
Andrew --Blue Sapphire
Matthias --Chrysolite
Bartholomew --Red Carnelian
Peter --Jasper
James --White Chalcedony
Philip --Sardonyx
James-the-less --Topaz
Simeon --Pink hyacinth
John --Emerald
Thaddeus --Chrysoprase
Matthew --Amethyst
Thomas --Beryl (Emerald, Aquamarine)
Mythical Powers of Various Gemstones
For mental clarity: Amber, Fluorite, Lapis Lazuli, Moonstone, Silver Topaz, Smoky Quartz.
For productivity: Agate, Garnet, Opal, Rhodolite.
Building self esteem: Aventurine, Carnelian, Diamond, Emerald, Garnet, Spinel.
For feelings of happiness: Agate, Amethyst , Calcite, Diamond, Jade, Tsavorite.
For calmness and balance: Amethyst , Ametrine, Aquamarine, Citrine , Coral, Diamond, Jade, Malachite, Pink Tourmaline, Tanzanite, Zircon.
For feelings of strength and confidence: Agate, Amber, Aquamarine, Carnelian, Diamond, Garnet, Iolite, Malachite, Onyx, Opal, Ruby, Sapphire, Topaz (blue).
For wisdom: Coral, Jade, Pearl, Sodalite.
For luck: Alexandrite, Amber, Aventurine, Opal, Pearl, Turquoise.
For love and friendship: Alexandrite, Amber, Amethyst , Emerald, Moonstone, Pink Tourmaline, Sapphire, Topaz.
For wealth: Aventurine, Calcite, Emerald, Jade, Opal, Pearl, Peridot, Ruby, Sapphire, Topaz, Tourmaline.
Gemstones Associated with Planets
Mercury --Agate
Venus --Emerald, Jade
Neptune --Opal, Amethyst
Earth --Agate
Pluto --Kunzite, Spinel
Mars --Ruby, Garnet, Bloodstone
Moon --Pearl, Moonstone
Jupiter --Amethyst , Sapphire
Sun --Topaz, Ruby
Saturn --Sapphire, Onyx, Obsidian
Hindu Chakras (bodily energy centers)

Root Chakra -- located at the base of the spine, its colors are brown and white.
GEMSTONE RULERS: Moonstone and Smoky Quartz.

Sacral Chakra -- located 2 inches below the navel, its colors are black and red.
GEMSTONE RULERS: dark red Garnet, Ruby & Onyx.

Solar Plexus Chakra -- located in upper abdomen, its colors are red-orange and gold.
GEMSTONE RULERS: Golden Citrine and red-orange Garnet.

Heart Chakra -- located under the sternum, its colors are green or, alternatively, pink to reddish pink.
GEMSTONE RULERS: Green Agate and Pink Tourmaline.

Throat Chakra -- located inside larynx, its colors are bright green.
GEMSTONE RULERS: Peridot and Emerald.

Brow Chakra -- aka Third Eye, its colors are royal blue to violet.
GEMSTONE RULERS: Iolite, Blue Topaz, Sapphire & Amethyst.

Crown Chakra -- located at the top of the head, its colors are clear pastels such as sea-foam green, aquamarine, and ultimately, the translucence of clear glass.
GEMSTONE RULERS: Green Beryl, Aquamarine, Silver Topaz, and preferably Diamond.

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